Foot Care Tips
Proper hygiene of the feet of a diabetic patient is
essential. The following tips are provided and should be followed to decrease risk of
complications from diabetes.
Keep feet clean, warm, and dry. If excess perspiration is a problem,
change socks two or more times per day. Cotton socks are preferable because of their
breathability and absorbancy.
Inspect feet daily. If you can not see the bottom of your feet, obtain a
hand mirror and view the bottom of your feet by looking at their reflection in the mirror.
Dry feet carefully after washing. Do not forget to dry between toes,
using the edge of a towel between them, without pulling toes apart, which could crack skin
which might already be thin and friable.
Cut toenails after bathing when they are soft. Cut straight across the
top without getting too close to skin. Always soak your nail nipper in rubbing alcohol
first to clean it prior to cutting.
NOTE: The following situations require consultation with a podiatrist for
you have poor vision
b. If you
have lack of sensation in your feet
you have cold feet or poor vascularity (circulation)
d. If you
have trouble bending or holding the nipper because of arthritis
your nails are thickened and grow abnormally
you notice drainage and redness around the nail.
Never warm your feet with a heater.
Switch off an electric blanket before falling asleep. Never bind covers
down over feet.
Powder feet between toes.
Use moisturizer on feet after bathing, but never between toes.
Treat cuts with mild antiseptic and consult your doctor or podiatrist if
they become red, drain, or take more than a couple of days to heal.
Consult your primary physician or podiatrist if you develop:
athlete's foot (cracking or whitish flaking of skin between toes)
sores or wounds on toes or feet
or pain in the feet or legs.
Remember: If in doubt, contact your physician.
Do not take chances with your feet as a diabetic!